By Clark Spencer Larsen
An intensive review of the speedily transforming into box of organic anthropology; chapters are written via prime students who've themselves performed an incredible function in shaping the course and scope of the self-discipline. <ul type="disc"> * wide evaluate of the speedily becoming box of organic anthropology * Larsen has created a who’s who of organic anthropology, with contributions from the prime professionals within the box * Contributing authors have performed a big position in shaping the course and scope of the subjects they write approximately * bargains discussions of present matters, controversies, and destiny instructions in the region * offers assurance of the numerous fresh concepts and discoveries which are remodeling the topic
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Extra info for A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)
The contributors to this book are the direct beneficiaries of these earlier, remarkable individuals – Boas, Hrdlicˇka, and Hooton – who pioneered areas outlined by Michael Little and Robert Sussman in their opening chapter to this book. Space limitations prevent the presentation of a truly comprehensive history of the discipline, but Little and Sussman cover quite a lot of ground, which introduces the beginnings and the history of biological anthropology and many of the areas discussed in this book.
Virtually all primates spend their time in the company of other members of their social group: generally speaking, primates are highly social. Why are primates social? While a variety of answers to this question have been forthcoming in primate studies over the last half century, the key reasons seem to be protection from predation and competition for food resources. In large part, the size and kind of the social unit is a compromise between safety and subsistence issues. Regardless of the characteristics of the social group, social behavior is closely tied to evolutionary success.
As Falk discusses in Chapter 15, central to debates about neurological evolution is the role of brain size versus brain organization in the cognitive function. While much is yet to be learned, several key observations stand out – for example about the similarity of organization among primates in general, although this organization has greater complexity in humans. Other traits characteristic of primates that are now mapped out include areas relating to the ocular convergence for stereoscopic vision and to the reduction in smell.
A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology) by Clark Spencer Larsen