A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of - download pdf or read online

By Steven Runciman

ISBN-10: 0521061628

ISBN-13: 9780521061629

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is now being reissued. This quantity describes the Frankish states of Outremer from the accession of King Baldwin I to the re-conquest of Jerusalem through Saladin. As Runciman says in his preface, 'The politics of the Moslem international within the early twelfth-century defy uncomplicated research, yet they need to be understood if we're to appreciate the institution of the Crusader states and the later explanations of the restoration of Islam ... the most topic during this quantity is war ... i've got the instance of the outdated chroniclers, who knew their enterprise; for conflict was once the history to existence in Outremer and the dangers of the battlefield usually determined its destiny.'

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Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100-1187

Example text

By September Bohemond knew that he was beaten, and he surrendered to the Emperor. It was a tremendous triumph for Byzantium; for Bohemond was by now the most renowned warrior in Christendom. The sight of this formidable hero, towering personally over the Emperor yet suppliant before him and obedient to his dictation, bore witness which no one could forgei: to the invincible majesty of the Empire. Alexius received Bohemond at his camp, at the entrance to the ravines of the river Devol. He was courteous but cold to him, and wasted no time in setting before him the peace treaty that he was to sign.

William therefore turned back, to take the road to Konya. In spite of the difficulties of the journey through country that had not recovered from devastations at the tin1e of the First Crusade, his army advanced in perfect order. Konya was now held by a strong Seldjuk garrison; and William's attempt to take the city by assault was a failure. He realized that it would be unwise to delay there and moved on. But meanwhile Kilij Arslan and Malik Ghazi learnt of the appearance of this new enemy. Hot from their triumph over the Lombards they hurried southward, probably through Caesarea-Mazacha and Nigde, and reached Heraclea before him.

The journey to Kastamuni was slow and painful. Water was short, and the Turks had destroyed the crops. The Turks themselves moved quickly along parallel tracks, harassing the Crusaders sometimes in the van and sometimes in the rear. They had not gone far before the advance-guard, composed of seven hundred Lombards, was suddenly attacked. The Lombard knights fled in 22 1101: The Battle of Mersivan panic, leaving the infantry to be massacred. It was with difficulty that Step hen of Burgundy was able to rally the van and drive off the enemy.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100-1187 by Steven Runciman


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