By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311
W. Hazard, The Numismatic History of Late Medie'va1 North Africa (New York, r95z); and articles by Marcais, Yver, and others on Berbers, Zirids, HilAl, Aghlabides, Ifrikiya, al-Mahdiya, Tunis, Tripoli, Sfax, etc. in The Encyclofraedia of Islam. See also the chapter on North Africa in volume III of the present work (in preparation). On Sicilian rule in Africa, see A. Solmi, "La Politica mediterranea del regno normannosuevo," in 11 Regno normanno, Pp. 71-93; G. ; and F. Giunta, "Sicilia e Tunisia nei secoli XIV e XV," in Giunta, Medioevo mediterraneo, pp.
Amari, BAS, 1), pp. 450-452; cf. Amari, Storia dei musulmani, III, 192-193. Giunta (Medioevo mediterraneo, p. 88) points out that the crusade had no part in Sicilian tradition; much later, when Henry VI planned his crusade, it was purely a German venture, looked upon by the Sicilians only as a means of their being exploited. Compare Cerone, L'Opera . . di Ruggiero II in Africa ed in Oriente, p. 10. Ch. ,' No one seems to have warned her that the whole purpose of the project was to acquire her immense dowry, and eventu- ally the wealth of her son, in order to put the poverty-stricken kingdom on a sounder financial footing.
I), pp. 59o-59t. For other sources, see Amari, Storia dei musulmani, III, 384-385, note 5. so Caspar, Roger 11, Regesten, no. 53. , pp. 50-51, 70-78; also Amari, Storia dei musulmani, III, 396-398, and Cohn, Geschichte der . . Flotte, pp. 2,3 if. 22 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES II guarantees against Savonese piracy and the promise of one Savonese galley to help police the sea from Savona to Sicily and from "Nubia" (Numidia) to Tripoli S1 Until the peace of Mignano in I 139, when his hold on the Italian mainland was finally made secure, Roger could interfere in Mahdia actively only in i 134-113 5 during a short lull in Europe.
A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard