By Athan Theoharis
Athan Theoharis, lengthy a revered authority on surveillance and secrecy, confirmed his popularity for meticulous scholarship along with his paintings at the loyalty safeguard application constructed below Truman and McCarthy. In Abuse of strength, Theoharis keeps his research of U.S. executive surveillance and historicizes the Sept. 11 response.
Criticizing the U.S. government's mystery actions and rules during times of "unprecedented crisis," he recounts how presidents and FBI officers exploited matters approximately foreign-based inner safety threats.
Drawing on details sequestered until eventually lately in FBI files, Theoharis exhibits how those mystery actions on the planet warfare II and chilly struggle eras extended FBI surveillance powers and, within the procedure, eroded civil liberties with out considerably advancing valid defense interests.
Passionately argued, this well timed booklet speaks to the prices and effects of still-secret post-9/11 surveillance courses and counterintelligence disasters. eventually, Abuse of energy makes the case that the abusive surveillance regulations of the chilly battle years have been repeated within the government's responses to the September eleven attacks.
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Additional info for Abuse of Power: How Cold War Surveillance and Secrecy Policy Shaped the Response to 9/11
The Supreme Court explicitly repudiated Holtzoff’s private assessment. The Court at this time extended its earlier ruling holding that the divulgence of “the exact words” had not simply been banned but the “derivative use” of such illegally intercepted communications, and thus any indictment or conviction based on information obtained through a wiretap would require the dismissal of the case. ”5 Hoover once again sought Assistant Attorney General Holtzoff’s guidance. ” The FBI director, however, had serious reservations about continued usage of wiretaps and urged department officials to seek legislation to amend the 1934 act.
33 Hoover briefed the attorney general the next month but did not at the time inform Clark that the FBI had already instituted a Security Index program in technical violation of Biddle’s 1943 order. He misleadingly urged Clark to approve a new program to address an imminent espionage and sabotage 16 / Chapter 1 threat. S. diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. . ”34 Clark agreed to the proposed study. Department officials, however, eventually concluded that, rather than seeking legislation authorizing a detention program, the government should during an emergency either declare martial law or suspend the writ of habeas corpus.
The cards confirm that some of the taps had been authorized by Hoover alone and others by FBI Assistant Directors Ladd, Edward Tamm, or Clyde Tolson. ” investigations. 10 One of Hoover’s top aides and the FBI director’s liaison to Congress and the media, Nichols began to maintain (on Hoover’s explicit order) his own secret Official and Confidential File in October 1941. ”11 Ladd had originally been instructed that “no one can look” at these wiretap records without the FBI director’s approval. Furthermore, a memo recording Nichols’s receipt of these cards from Ladd confirms that Ladd had also maintained five other categories of wiretap records: a wiretap of a [name withheld] individual; wiretaps installed on the authority of the FBI director for which the attorney general’s subsequent approval was obtained and “if approved put in active drawer”; “active” wiretaps identified by FBI field office; “Disapproved requests + 20 or so never used”; and one “Top Secret” wiretap installed by the Washington field office.
Abuse of Power: How Cold War Surveillance and Secrecy Policy Shaped the Response to 9/11 by Athan Theoharis