By Kesan, J. P. (Eds.)
This e-book discusses the felony, agribusiness and public coverage concerns that attach highbrow estate safeguard with developments in agricultural biotechnology. It has 24 chapters and a subject matter index. The booklet is meant as a reference for college students and practitioners in highbrow estate and agribusiness, for these within the agricultural and highbrow estate attorneys. on hand In Print
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Extra info for Agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property: seeds of change
One case involves a Colorado firm that patented a yellow bean, which it named the ‘Enola bean’, bred from beans purchased in Mexico, reportedly of a variety publicly bred in that country. The firm had reproduced and selected the yellow bean over several self-pollinated generations. After receiving the patent, the firm proceeded to demand royalties from domestic importers of similar Mexican beans, and allegedly disrupted importation of yellow beans for some time. This patent was challenged at the US Patent and Trademark Office, and after several years was surrendered in 1995 for reissue and re-examination.
P. Kesan) 1 2 B. Wright In exploring the implications of global strengthening of IPRs for the exploitation of opportunities offered by agriculture, the second section sets the stage by considering the original goals of the initiators of this trend. The third section considers the effects of IPRs on private sector commercialization of (transgenic) biotechnology for major crops in lead countries with special attention to the USA. The fourth section describes the very different history of innovation in other crops, in lead countries, less attractive to the private sector and often called ‘orphans’, even though they include very significant products including wheat.
PENG1 1Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA; 2Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India Abstract It has been almost 10 years since broad acre commercial agricultural biotechnology entered the marketplace. At the time, there was tremendous hope about biotechnology’s potential to positively impact production efficiency, environmental management and the needs of end-users. While possibly not meeting expectations, biotechnology crops have been adopted in 17 countries, are planted on 81 million hectares, have increased 20% between 2003 and 2004 and involve seed valued at over US$4 billion ( James, 2004).
Agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property: seeds of change by Kesan, J. P. (Eds.)