By David Cochran
B-movies, crime novels, technological know-how fiction- all of those types of mass media got here into their very own within the Fifties. brushed aside by way of critics as dehumanizing to either writer and viewers, those genres unflinchingly uncovered the depths of yankee existence at a time whilst it was once no longer politically right to take action. David Cochran info how, on the peak of the chilly struggle, ten writers and filmmakers challenged such social pieties because the superiority of American democracy, the benevolence of loose firm, and the sanctity of the suburban kin. Rod Serling's The Twilight region comparable tales of sufferers of sizeable, faceless bureaucratic powers. Jim Thompson's The Grifters portrayed the ravages of capitalism on these on the backside of the social ladder. Patricia Highsmith's The gifted Mr. Ripley featured an amoral con guy who infiltrated the privileged type and wreaked havoc as soon as there. All of those artists helped to set the degree for the Nineteen Sixties counterculture's problem to the status quo. In doing so, they blurred the traces among "high" and "low" paintings.
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Additional resources for America Noir: Underground Writers and Filmmakers of the Postwar Era
Such avant-garde artists as Jackson Pollack, Robert Motherwell, and Willem de Kooning created a new style celebrating individualism and freedom, principles that dovetailed nicely with the new liberal vision. Abstract expressionism became the visual manifestation of Cold War liberalism, and it was exhibited under semiofficial auspices throughout Europe as evidence Page 6 of American culture's freedom and vitality. 14 The end result of this carrot-and-stick policy of integration and isolation was the creation of a broad cultural consensus with a right and left wing.
Thompson quickly was appointed the project's guide book editor and in 1938 was named director of the entire Oklahoma Writers Project. While working for the WPA, he carved out a reputation as a radical. In November 1936, for example, he wrote a strong protest to the national director of the WPA against the firing of five members of the St. Louis project for organizing a union. "I wish to protest," the letter began, "against the recent outrage in St. " 4 As state director, Thompson oversaw the writing of the decidedly pro-union Labor History of Oklahoma.
50 In his work with juvenile delinquents, Wertham noted the strong influence of comic books on children's psycho-social development and behavior, leading him into a closer examination of the comics' content. ' "51 Wertham made a direct connection between the spread of comic books and the rise of juvenile delinquency in the postwar period. In a series of articles for the popular press and his influential book Seduction of the Innocent (1954), Wertham sought to publicize his conclusions and effect some remedial program.
America Noir: Underground Writers and Filmmakers of the Postwar Era by David Cochran