By Todd Purdum
A most sensible Washington journalist recounts the dramatic political conflict to cross the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the legislation that created sleek the United States, at the 50th anniversary of its passage
It was once a turbulent time in America—a time of sit-ins, freedom rides, a March on Washington and a governor status within the schoolhouse door—when John F. Kennedy despatched Congress a invoice to bar racial discrimination in employment, schooling, and public lodgings. numerous civil rights measures had died on Capitol Hill long ago. yet this one used to be diversified simply because, as one influential senator placed it, it used to be “an inspiration whose time has come.”
In a strong narrative layered with revealing element, Todd S. Purdum tells the tale of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, recreating the legislative maneuvering and the larger-than-life characters who made its passage attainable. From the Kennedy brothers to Lyndon Johnson, from Martin Luther King Jr. to Hubert Humphrey and Everett Dirksen, Purdum indicates how those all-too-human figures controlled, in exactly over a yr, to create a invoice that triggered the longest filibuster within the heritage of the U.S. Senate but was once finally followed with overwhelming bipartisan help. He inspires the excessive function and coffee dealings that marked the construction of this enormous legislation, drawing on huge archival learn and dozens of recent interviews that deliver to lifestyles this sign fulfillment in American history.
Often hailed because the most crucial legislations of the prior century, the Civil Rights Act stands as a lesson for our personal instances approximately what's attainable whilst persistence, bipartisanship, and decency rule the day.
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Additional info for An Idea Whose Time Has Come: Two Presidents, Two Parties, and the Battle for the Civil Rights Act of 1964
6 Most of this change occurred immediately before and after Bakke. Thus, both in benefit size and in the claim that the benefit makes on the student, federal aid to students became progressively more limited in the decade after Bakke. The declining federal aid and the increased reliance on loan rather than grant aid presents a sharp contrast to the increasing cost of attendance. Between 1980 and 1987, the cost of attending a private university increased almost 41 percent, and a public university almost 26 percent.
The impact of any government policy is shaped by the actions of hundreds or thousands of private individuals and private and public institutions, and the Bakke decision is no exception. In this chapter, therefore, we will set the stage for the examination of the impact of Bakke by first exploring changes in the income and educational resources of the black and Hispanic communities during the 1960s through the 1980s. We then describe changes in federal aid to students as an indicator of support available to low-income students.
Thus, both in benefit size and in the claim that the benefit makes on the student, federal aid to students became progressively more limited in the decade after Bakke. The declining federal aid and the increased reliance on loan rather than grant aid presents a sharp contrast to the increasing cost of attendance. Between 1980 and 1987, the cost of attending a private university increased almost 41 percent, and a public university almost 26 percent. The amount of available grant money increased less than 1 percent, and available work-study opportunities actually decreased by 22 percent.
An Idea Whose Time Has Come: Two Presidents, Two Parties, and the Battle for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by Todd Purdum